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Bioaccumulation and biomagnification of emerging bisphenol analogues in aquatic organisms from Taihu Lake, China

Wang, Qiang, Chen, Meng, Shan, Guoqiang, Chen, Pengyu, Cui, Shuo, Yi, Shujun, Zhu, Lingyan
The Science of the total environment 2017 v.598 pp. 814-820
aquatic organisms, bioaccumulation factor, bisphenol A, lakes, octanol-water partition coefficients, pollutants, risk assessment, trophic levels, China
Due to regulations on bisphenol A (BPA) in many countries, a variety of bisphenol analogues are being widely manufactured and applied. However, there is a big knowledge gap on bioaccumulation and biomagnification of these emerging bisphenols in aquatic organisms. The bioaccumulation and magnification of nine bisphenol analogues in aquatic organisms at different trophic levels collected from Taihu Lake, China, were evaluated. The total concentrations of the nine bisphenols in the lake waters were in the range of 49.7–3480ng/L (mean, 389ng/L). BPA, bisphenol AF (BPAF) and bisphenol S (BPS) were the most predominant analogues in the water. The mean natural logarithm bioaccumulation factor (log BAFs) of BPAF, bisphenol C (BPC), bisphenol Z (BPZ) and bisphenol E (BPE) were greater than BPA, and there was a significantly positive correlation between log BAFs of the biphenols and their octanol-water partition coefficients (log Kow). The trophic magnification factors of BPAF, BPC and BPZ were 2.52, 2.69 and 1.71, respectively, suggesting that they had the potential to biomagnify in the food web. The results of this study call for further investigations on risk assessment of these emerging pollutants in the environment.