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Characterization of a thermostable glycoside hydrolase family 36 α-galactosidase from Caldicellulosiruptor bescii

Lee, Areum, Choi, Kyoung-Hwa, Yoon, Dahye, Kim, Suhkmann, Cha, Jaeho
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2017 v.124 no.3 pp. 289-295
Caldicellulosiruptor bescii, Escherichia coli, alpha-galactosidase, cytoplasm, energy, galactomannans, galactose, gel chromatography, glycosides, half life, hydrolysis, melibiose, multigene family, pH, raffinose, stachyose, thermal stability
The putative gene cluster involved in the degradation of the raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFO) was identified in Caldicellulosiruptor bescii. Within the cluster, the gene encoding a putative α-galactosidase (CbAga36) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Size exclusion chromatography of the purified rCbAga36 indicated that the native form was a tetramer. Its primary sequence was similar to the family of glycoside hydrolase 36. The purified recombinant CbAga36 (rCbAga36) was optimally active at pH 5.0 and 70°C and had a half-life of 15 h and 10 h at 70°C and 80°C, respectively. rCbAga36 showed high activity with the artificial substrate (p-nitrophenyl α-d-galactopyranoside, pNPαGal) exhibiting lower Km and higher kcat than natural substrates such as melibiose and raffinose. Although rCbAga36 demonstrated preferential activity toward the hydrolysis of RFO such as raffinose and stachyose, it did not degrade the polymeric galactomannans. Our results imply that CbAga36 may play a role in the degradation of RFO, transported into the cytoplasm via a transporter into galactose, which is further utilized as an energy source in C. bescii. Furthermore, its ability to synthesize novel oligosaccharides by transglycosylation renders this enzyme potentially useful for the production of dietary oligosaccharides with novel function.