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Development of a monoclonal antibody assay and a lateral flow strip test for the detection of paromomycin residues in food matrices
- Isanga, Joel, Mukunzi, Daniel, Chen, Yanni, Suryoprabowo, Steven, Liu, Liqiang, Kuang, Hua, Xu, Chuanlai
- Food and agricultural immunology 2017 v.28 no.3 pp. 355-373
- cross reaction, food analysis, food matrix, immunoassays, inhibitory concentration 50, monitoring, monoclonal antibodies, neomycin
- A monoclonal antibody (MAb) was produced against paromomycin and used in the development of an immunoassay and a lateral flow strip test for the detection of paromomycin residues in food matrices. The MAb had 25.1% cross-reactivity with neomycin, but was insensitive to other aminoglycosides. Tested under optimized conditions in 0.01 M phosphate-buffered saline, the half maximum inhibitory concentration (IC ₅₀) of the MAb was 0.61 ng/ml for paromomycin and 2.43 ng/ml for neomycin, with results obtained within 90 min. The mean recoveries from spiked food matrices were within the range of 64.56–105.85% for paromomycin and 54.08–100.55% for neomycin. The strip test results for different food matrices were obtained within 5 min and showed visual detection limits of 2.5–20 ng/ml (µg/kg) for paromomycin and 10–30 ng/ml for neomycin. Therefore, the developed immunoassay and strip test can be used in food analysis for routinely monitoring not only paromomycin but also neomycin residues.