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A CO-releasing molecule prevents annexin A2 down-regulation and associated disorders in LPS-administered rat lung

Unuma, Kana, Aki, Toshihiko, Noritake, Kanako, Funakoshi, Takeshi, Uemura, Koichi
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2017 v.487 pp. 748-754
body weight, carbon monoxide, collagen, erythrocytes, fibrinolysis, histology, lipopolysaccharides, lungs, pathogenesis, physiological transport, proteomics, rats, serodiagnosis
To investigate septic lung injuries and the possible relief from injury by carbon monoxide (CO), rats were intraperitoneally (i.p.) administered water or the water-soluble CO-releasing molecule CORM (30 mg/kg body weight), followed by the successive administration of PBS or lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 15 mg/kg body weight, 6 h). The results in four experimental groups (control, LPS, LPS + CORM, CORM, n = 3 or 4 in each groups) were examined. Histological examination revealed the intravascular aggregation of erythrocytes in the lungs of the LPS group, and serological analysis showed a significant increase in D-dimer in the LPS group. Both the aggregation and D-dimer increase were ameliorated in the LPS + CORM group, suggesting that LPS-induced DIC in the lung is ameliorated by CORM. Proteomic as well as immunoblot analyses revealed that the levels of annexin A2 (AnxA2) were significantly decreased in the LPS group, but were at control levels in the LPS + CORM group. Concordant with the levels of AnxA2, the levels of both LC3 and collagen VI (COL VI) were decreased in the LPS group but not in the LPS + CORM group. Given the established roles of AnxA2 in fibrinolysis as well as intracellular vesicle trafficking, AnxA2 down-regulation should play an important role in the pathogenesis of septic lung injuries.