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In vitro predatory activity of Arthrobotrys oligospora and after passing through gastrointestinal tract of small ruminants on infective larvae of trichostrongylides
- Cai, Kui-Zheng, Wang, Feng-Hui, Wang, Kang-Ying, Liu, Jun-Lin, Wang, Bo-bo, Xu, Qiang, Xue, Yu-Jia, Wang, Fan, Zhang, Chao, Fang, Wen-Xiu, Cai, Bin, Liu, Yan-Qiu, Cao, Xin, Ma, Zhong-Ren
- Experimental parasitology 2017 v.177 pp. 104-111
- Arthrobotrys oligospora, Haemonchus contortus, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, digestive tract, feces, feed additives, gastrointestinal system, goats, larvae, sheep, viability, China
- In vitro predatory activity of 157 native isolates of Arthrobotrys oligospora from China on larvae of trichostrongylides (Trichostrongylus colubriformis and Haemonchus contortus) in feces of sheep were assessed. The results showed that 135 of tested isolates of A. oligospora reduced the development of trichostrongylide larvae in feces by 90–99.99%, 11 isolates by 80–89.46% and 11 isolates by 14.58–78.82%. To understand their capacity of passing through gastrointestinal tract of sheep, 50 native isolates of A. oligospora were selected and assessed in sheep. Among these isolates, 16 isolates significantly reduced the number of larvae developing in the feces (P < 0.05); their percentage reduction of L3 ranged from 42.87% to 99.51% and the isolates tested were harvested in 5 g sub-samples of from sheep in each treatment group, indicating that these isolates had the capacity of preying larvae of trichostrongylides after the passage through gastrointestinal tract of sheep. The remaining isolates of A. oligospora were not able to survive after passage through gastrointestinal tract of sheep. In the following, the 16 isolates that presented more or less viability after sheep gastrointestinal passage were selected and assessed in goats. The results showed that the 11 isolates out of them could be able to pass through the digestive tract of goats without loss of ability of preying larvae of trichostrongylides in feces and their efficacies ranged from 53.88% to 94.28%, and that the isolates tested were harvested in 5 g sub-samples of feces from goats in each treatment group. In the current study, these isolates which demonstrated outstanding properties in vitro and could survive in the passage through the alimentary tract of sheep and goat should be potential candidates as a possible feed additive.