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The Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Val66Met Polymorphism, Delivery Method, Birth Weight, and Night Sleep Duration as Determinants of Obesity in Vietnamese Children of Primary School Age

Tuyet, Le Thi, Nhung, Bui Thi, Dao, Duong Thi Anh, Hanh, Nguyen Thi Hong, Tuyen, Le Danh, Binh, Tran Quang, Thuc, Vu Thi Minh
Childhood obesity 2017 v.13 no.5 pp. 392-399
Bayesian theory, Vietnamese people, World Health Organization, birth weight, case-control studies, cesarean section, childhood obesity, children, elementary schools, elementary students, genes, genetic factors, genotype, lifestyle, loci, parents, pathogenesis, polymerase chain reaction, regression analysis, sleep
Background: Obesity is a complex disease that involves both environmental and genetic factors in its pathogenesis. Several studies have identified multiple obesity-associated loci in many populations. However, their contribution to obesity in the Vietnamese population is not fully described, especially in children. The study aimed to investigate the association of obesity with Val66Met polymorphism in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, delivery method, birth weight, and lifestyle factors in Vietnamese primary school children.Methods: A case–control study was conducted on 559 children aged 6–11 years (278 obese cases and 281 normal controls). The obesity of the children was classified using both criteria of International Obesity Task Force (IOTF, 2000) and World Health Organization (WHO, 2007). Lifestyle factors, birth delivery, and birth weight of the children were self-reported by parents. The BDNF genotype was analyzed using the polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Association was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression and cross-validated by the Bayesian model averaging method.Results: The most significantly independent factors for obesity were delivery method (cesarean section vs. vaginal delivery, β = 0.56, p = 0.007), birth weight (>3500 to <4000 g vs. 2500–3500 g, β = 0.52, p = 0.035; ≥4000 g vs. 2500–3500 g, β = 1.06, p = 0.015), night sleep duration (<8 h/day vs. ≥8 h/day, β = 0.99, p < 0.0001), and BDNF Val66Met polymorphism (AA and GG vs. AG, β = 0.38, p = 0.039).Conclusions: The study suggested the significant association of delivery method, birth weight, night sleep duration, and BDNF Val66Met polymorphism, with obesity in Vietnamese primary school children.