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Study of Biofilm Formation Ability of Foodborne Arcobacter butzleri under Different Conditions
- Girbau, Cecilia, Martinez-Malaxetxebarria, Irati, Muruaga, Gorka, Carmona, Sandra, Alonso, Rodrigo, Fernandez-Astorga, Aurora
- Journal of food protection 2017 v.80 no.5 pp. 758-762
- Arcobacter butzleri, adhesion, biofilm, cell viability, chi-square distribution, foods, glass, pathogens, polystyrenes, stainless steel
- The transmission of Arcobacter butzleri, an emerging food- and waterborne pathogen, is possibly favored by its ability to adhere to abiotic surfaces. In this study, we assessed the biofilm formation ability of 42 A. butzleri isolates recovered from different food products. Overall, nine isolates (21.4%) were able to adhere to polystyrene. Among them, a chicken-derived isolate was classified as strongly adherent. Based on the chi-square test, no relation was found between the adhesive abilities of the isolates and their source (P.0.05). An aerobic atmosphere enhanced the adhesion ability of the majority of the adherent isolates (66.7%), because when tested in microaerobic conditions, at test indicated that only three isolates increased their biofilm formation ability significantly (P,0.05). In addition, seven (77.8%) of these nine isolates were able to adhere to glass surfaces, and viable cells were recovered from all the stainless steel coupons tested. Therefore, our results confirm the biofilm formation ability of A. butzleri, which may be influenced by the incubation atmosphere and the abiotic surface.