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Biomass burning in Indo-China peninsula and its impacts on regional air quality and global climate change-a review

Yadav, Ishwar Chandra, Linthoingambi Devi, Ningombam, Li, Jun, Syed, Jabir Hussain, Zhang, Gan, Watanabe, Hirozumi
Environmental pollution 2017 v.227 pp. 414-427
aerosols, air quality, biomass, burning, climate, climate change, emissions, gases, human health, issues and policy, particulates, pollutants, China, India, Taiwan
Although, many biomass burning (BB) emissions products (particulate matter and trace gases) are believed to be trans-boundary pollutants that originates from India and China (the two most populous countries in Asia), the information about BB emission and related contents is limited for Indo-China Peninsula (ICP) region. This motivated us to review this region pertaining to BB emission. The main objective of the review is to document the current status of BB emission in ICP region. In order to highlight the impact of BB on regional air quality and global climate change, the role of BB emission in ICP region is also discussed. Based on the available literature and modeling simulations studies, it is evidenced that ICP is one of the hotspot regional source for aerosols in terms of BB emissions. In addition, regional emissions through BB have significant implications for regional air quality especially in the neighboring countries such as China, Taiwan and India. Our assessment highlight that there is still a general lack of reliable data and research studies addressing BB related issues in context of environmental and human health. There is therefore a critical need to improve the current knowledge base, which should build upon the research experience and further research into these issues is considered vital to help inform future policies/control strategies.