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Development of a gold nanoparticle-based universal oligonucleotide microarray for multiplex and low-cost detection of foodborne pathogens

Wang, Xiaoqiang, Ying, Sisi, Wei, Xiaoguang, Yuan, Jun
International journal of food microbiology 2017 v.253 pp. 66-74
Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, Shigella, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, detection limit, developing countries, food pathogens, food safety, foodborne illness, gold, microarray technology, nanogold, oligonucleotides, public health, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, silver staining
Bacterial foodborne diseases remain major threats to food safety and public health, especially in developing countries. In this study a novel assay, combining gold nanoparticle (GNP)-based multiplex oligonucleotide ligation-PCR and universal oligonucleotide microarray technology, was developed for inexpensive, specific, sensitive, and multiplex detection of eight common foodborne pathogens, including Shigella spp., Campylobacter jejuni, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, Staphylococcus aureus, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The target fragments of the eight pathogens were enriched by multiplex PCR and subjected to multiplex ligase detection reaction. Ligation products were enriched and labeled with GNPs by universal asymmetric PCR, using excess GNP-conjugated primers. The labeled single-stranded amplicons containing complementary tag sequences were captured by the corresponding tag sequences immobilized on microarrays, followed by silver staining for signal enhancement. Black images of microarray spots were visualized by naked eyes or scanned on a simple flatbed scanner, and quantified. The results indicated that this assay could unambiguously discriminate all eight pathogens in single and multiple infections, with detection sensitivity of 3.3–85CFU/mL for pure cultures. Microarray results of ninety-five artificially contaminated and retail food samples were consistent with traditional culture, biochemical and real-time PCR findings. Therefore, the novel assay has the potential to be used for routine detection due to rapidity, low cost, and high specificity and sensitivity.