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Steam-exploded biomass saccharification is predominately affected by lignocellulose porosity and largely enhanced by Tween-80 in Miscanthus

Sun, Dan, Alam, Aftab, Tu, Yuanyuan, Zhou, Shiguang, Wang, Yanting, Xia, Tao, Huang, Jiangfeng, Li, Ying, Zahoor,, Wei, Xiaoyang, Hao, Bo, Peng, Liangcai
Bioresource technology 2017 v.239 pp. 74-81
Miscanthus, biomass, breeding, cellulose, enzymatic hydrolysis, hemicellulose, hexoses, lignin, lignocellulose, polysorbates, porosity, raw materials, saccharification
In this study, total ten Miscanthus accessions exhibited diverse cell wall compositions, leading to largely varied hexoses yields at 17%–40% (% cellulose) released from direct enzymatic hydrolysis of steam-exploded (SE) residues. Further supplied with 2% Tween-80 into the enzymatic digestion, the Mis7 accession showed the higher hexose yield by 14.8-fold than that of raw material, whereas the Mis10 had the highest hexoses yield at 77% among ten Miscanthus accessions. Significantly, this study identified four wall polymer features that negatively affect biomass saccharification as p<0.05 or 0.01 in the SE residues, including cellulose DP, Xyl and Ara of hemicellulose, and S-monomer of lignin. Based on Simons’ stain, the SE porosity (defined by DY/DB) was examined to be the unique positive factor on biomass enzymatic digestion. Hence, this study provides the potential strategy to enhance biomass saccharification using optimal biomass process technology and related genetic breeding in Miscanthus and beyond.