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Allium cepa L. Response to Sodium Selenite (Se(IV)) Studied in Plant Roots by a LC-MS-Based Proteomic Approach

Karasinski, Jakub, Wrobel, Kazimierz, Corrales Escobosa, Alma Rosa, Konopka, Anna, Bulska, Ewa, Wrobel, Katarzyna
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.19 pp. 3995-4004
Allium cepa, RNA, antioxidant activity, carbohydrate metabolism, cell cycle, energy, gene expression regulation, growth retardation, mass spectrometry, methionine, methylation, peptides, protein folding, proteins, proteome, roots, selenium, signal transduction, sodium selenite, stress response, sulfur, t-test, transcription (genetics)
Liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry was used for the first time to investigate the impact of Se(IV) (10 mgSe L–¹ as sodium selenite) on Allium cepa L. root proteome. Using MaxQuant platform, more than 600 proteins were found; 42 were identified based on at least 2 razor + unique peptides, score > 25, and were found to be differentially expressed in the exposed versus control roots with t-test difference > ±0.70 (p < 0.05, Perseus). Se(IV) caused growth inhibition and the decrease of total RNA in roots. Different abundances of proteins involved in transcriptional regulation, protein folding/assembly, cell cycle, energy/carbohydrate metabolism, stress response, and antioxidant defense were found in the exposed vs nonexposed roots. New evidence was obtained on the alteration of sulfur metabolism due to S–Se competition in A. cepa L. which, together with the original analytical approach, is the main scientific contribution of this study. Specifically, proteins participating in assimilation and transformation of both elements were affected; formation of volatile Se compounds seemed to be favored. Changes observed in methionine cycle suggested that Se(IV) stress might repress methylation capability in A. cepa L., potentially limiting accumulation of Se in the form of nonprotein methylated species and affecting adversely transmethylation-dependent signaling pathways.