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Essential Oil Composition of Stems, Leaves and Flowers of Nepeta dschuparensis Bornm. from Kerman, Iran

Bibak, Hossein, Akbari, Ali
Journal of essential oil-bearing plants 2017 v.20 no.2 pp. 597-600
Nepeta, alpha-terpineol, cineole, essential oils, flowers, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, indigenous species, leaves, medicinal plants, stems, Iran
Nepeta dschuparensis Bornm. is an endemic plant from Iran. Little information is available on this endemic medicinal plant. The aim of the present study was to identify the essential oil compositions in stems, leaves and flowers of N . dschuparensis using GC-MS analysis. The essential oil yields of stems, leaves and flowers from N. dschuparensis were 0.2, 1.2 and 0.7%, respectively. The main components in the essential oil of stems were 1,8-cineole (26.8%) and nepetalactone (66.9%), in the essential oil of leaves were α-terpineol (8.9%) and nepetalactone (80.3%) and in the essential oil of flowers were 1,8-cineole (22.8%), α-terpineol (7.5%) and nepetalactone (63.3%). The results showed that nepetalactone was the main component in the essential oil of this medicinal plant. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report revealing the essential oil components in N. dschuparensis .