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Accumulation, translocation and conversion of six arsenic species in rice plants grown near a mine impacted city
- Ma, Li, Wang, Lin, Jia, Yuyu, Yang, Zhaoguang
- Chemosphere 2017 v.183 pp. 44-52
- Oryza sativa, arsenates, arsenic, arsenites, methylation, microorganisms, oxidation, paddies, paddy soils, rhizosphere, rice, roots, staple foods, straw, China
- Paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) as the staple food in China was found to be efficient in accumulating arsenic (As) due to cultivated in flooded paddy soil. Uptake and translocation of As in rice plant depended on the As species. In this work, rice plant samples including roots, straws and grains as well as rhizosphere soils were collected from paddy fields near Changsha, a mine impacted city in Southern China. The total As concentrations in the collected samples were observed in the descending order as root > soil > straw > grain. The predominant As species detected in rice plants were inorganic forms: arsenite [As(III)] and arsenate [As(V)]. Except monomethylarsonate (MMA) and dimethylarsinate (DMA), other two organoarsenicals, arsenobetaine (AsB) and arsenocholine (AsC), were also detected in rice plants. DMA and AsB were mainly formed in rice roots with the assistance of microorganisms. MMA and AsC detected in straws might be derived from methylation and oxidation of As(III). The results of multiple linear regressions indicated that the straw As species were remarkable predictors of the corresponding grain As species. Demethylation or degradation of MMA, DMA and AsC were predicted when translocated from straw to grain.