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Identification and biological activity of the volatile compounds of Glycyrrhiza triphylla Fisch. & C.A.Mey

Shakeri, Abolfazl, Akhtari, Javad, Soheili, Vahid, Taghizadeh, Seyedeh Faezeh, Sahebkar, Amirhossein, Shaddel, Rezvan, Asili, Javad
Microbial pathogenesis 2017 v.109 pp. 39-44
2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, Glycyrrhiza, Gram-negative bacteria, Micrococcus luteus, aerial parts, antibacterial properties, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, beta-caryophyllene, chemical composition, cytotoxicity, essential oils, food industry, fungi, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, inhibitory concentration 50, limonene, minimum inhibitory concentration, myrcene, neoplasms, oils, therapeutics, volatile compounds
Chemical composition and biological (antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic) activities of essential oils (EO) obtained from the aerial parts of Glycyrrhiza triphylla Fisch. & C.A.Mey (G. triphylla) were evaluated in the present study. The EO was isolated and analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Fifty-five compounds representing 99.3% of the total oil composition were identified. Major components of the oil were β-caryophyllene (25.4%), limonene (16.7%), β-myrcene (16.0%) and α-humulene (4.4%). The oil composition was dominated by the presence of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons comprising 43.6% of the total oil. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the oil were determined against eight bacterial strains and one fungus. The EO showed a good antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The most susceptible strain was Micrococcus luteus (MIC = 2.7 μg/mL, MBC = 43.6 μg/mL). The antioxidant potential of the EO was examined using DPPH and β-carotene/linoleic acid (BCB) assays. The oil was considerably active in the DPPH assay (IC50 = 100.40 ± 0.03 μg/mL). Moreover, in vitro cytotoxic activity was assessed against six cancer cell lines using MTT assay. The EO showed no significant cytotoxic activity. In light of the present findings, G. triphylla oil may deserves to be further investigated for its potential therapeutic effects and also as a natural preservative in food industry.