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Comparison of four types of energy grasses as lignocellulosic feedstock for the production of bio-ethanol

Author:
Kou, Linfeng, Song, Yanliang, Zhang, Xu, Tan, Tianwei
Source:
Bioresource technology 2017 v.241 pp. 424-429
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
Pennisetum, bioethanol, cellulose, corn stover, energy, enzymatic hydrolysis, feedstocks, fermentation, grasses, hemicellulose, lignin, lignocellulose, xylitol
Abstract:
In order to utilize energy grasses as substrates for production of biofuels and expand the diversity of lignocellulosic feedstocks, this work developed an evaluation system considering 16 kinds of parameters related to the contents of three main compositions (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin), inhibitors generated from the pretreatment, the extent of enzymatic hydrolysis and microbial fermentation. Giant reed, corn stalks, switch grass, pennisetum and silvergrass were investigated. Comprehensive utilization indexes of giant reed (55.0) and corn stalks (40.6) revealed that giant reed had the potential for producing biofuels but corn stalks, widely used in bio-ethanol and xylitol production, possessed high contents of inhibitors which were harmful to microbial fermentation.
Agid:
5691861