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Membrane fouling in a submerged membrane bioreactor: New method and its applications in interfacial interaction quantification
- Hong, Huachang, Cai, Xiang, Shen, Liguo, Li, Renjie, Lin, Hongjun
- Bioresource technology 2017 v.241 pp. 406-414
- equations, fouling, geometry, membrane bioreactors, methodology, prediction
- Quantification of interfacial interactions between two rough surfaces represents one of the most pressing requirements for membrane fouling prediction and control in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). This study firstly constructed regularly rough membrane and particle surfaces by using rigorous mathematical equations. Thereafter, a new method involving surface element integration (SEI) method, differential geometry and composite Simpson’s rule was proposed to quantify the interfacial interactions between the two constructed rough surfaces. This new method were then applied to investigate interfacial interactions in a MBR with the data of surface properties of membrane and foulants experimentally measured. The feasibility of the new method was verified. It was found that asperity amplitude and period of the membrane surface exerted profound effects on the total interaction. The new method had broad potential application fields especially including guiding membrane surface design for membrane fouling mitigation.