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An integrated process to produce bio-ethanol and xylooligosaccharides rich in xylobiose and xylotriose from high ash content waste wheat straw

Huang, Chen, Lai, Chenhuan, Wu, Xinxing, Huang, Yang, He, Juan, Huang, Caoxing, Li, Xin, Yong, Qiang
Bioresource technology 2017 v.241 pp. 228-235
ash content, bioethanol, biorefining, ethanol, fermentation, glucose, pulping, saccharification, wastes, wheat straw, xylooligosaccharides
A bio-refinery process of wheat straw pulping solid residue (waste wheat straw, WWS) was established by combining prewashing and liquid hot water pretreatment (LHWP). The results showed that employing a prewashing step prior to the LHWP remarkably improved enzymatic glucose yields from 39.7% to 76.6%. Moreover, after 96h simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF), identical ethanol yields of 0.41g/g-cellulose were obtained despite varied solid loadings (5–30%). Beyond ethanol, enzymatic post-hydrolysis of the prehydrolyzate effectively increased xylobiose and xylotriose yields from 15mg/g-WWS and 14mg/g-WWS to 53mg/g-WWS and 20mg/g-WWS, respectively. For mass balance, about 10.9tons raw WWS will be consumed to produce 1ton ethanol, in addition to producing 614.8kg xylooligosaccharides (XOS) containing 334.3kg xylobiose and 124.8kg xylotriose. The results demonstrated that the integrated process for the WWS bio-refinery is promising, based on value-adding co-production in addition to robust ethanol yields.