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Anti-diabetic and anti-hyperlipidemic properties of Capparis spinosa L.: In vivo and in vitro evaluation of its nutraceutical potential

Mollica, Adriano, Zengin, Gokhan, Locatelli, Marcello, Stefanucci, Azzurra, Mocan, Andrei, Macedonio, Giorgia, Carradori, Simone, Onaolapo, Olakunle, Onaolapo, Adejoke, Adegoke, Juliet, Olaniyan, Marufat, Aktumsek, Abdurrahman, Novellino, Ettore
Journal of functional foods 2017 v.35 pp. 32-42
Capparis spinosa, alpha-amylase, alpha-glucosidase, animal disease models, blood, buds, diabetes, functional foods, glycemic effect, high performance liquid chromatography, histology, in vitro studies, kidneys, leaves, lipid composition, liver, oral administration, pancreas, powders, rats
In this study, the nutraceutical potential of Capparis spinosa L. for the treatment of hyperglycemic states has been thoroughly investigated. A series of in vivo and in vitro tests have been conducted on fresh leaf, buds and salty buds (24h desalted) processed to dry powder. 60% MeOH/H2O extracts were obtained for HPLC analysis and for α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibition tests. To estimate the in vivo anti-diabetic effect, dry powders of C. spinosa leaf and buds were orally administered to streptozocin-induced diabetic rats over a period of 28days. At the end of the experiment, animals were sacrificed, blood taken for assessment of lipid profile and liver/kidney biochemistry while section of the pancreas, liver and kidneys were processed for general histology. Results showed that the regular administration of C. spinosa leaf or buds normalized all the biochemical parameters and reversed the liver/kidney injury with variable degrees of organ protection.