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Transfer of five commercial termite bait formulations containing benzoylphenyl urea chitin synthesis inhibitors within groups of the subterranean termite Reticulitermes flavipes (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae)

Lewis, J.L., Forschler, B.T.
International journal of pest management 2017 v.63 no.3 pp. 224-233
Blattodea, Reticulitermes flavipes, baiting, bioassays, diflubenzuron, exposure duration, hexaflumuron, lufenuron, mortality, novaluron, poisoning, subterranean termites, urea
Eastern subterranean termite, Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar), workers were exposed for 7 days to one of five chitin synthesis inhibitors (CSIs): diflubenzuron, hexaflumuron, lufenuron, noviflumuron, and novaluron in commercially available bait matrices. Following a 7 day exposure period, termite donors (D) were combined with naïve (not exposed) termite recipients (R) at five D:R ratios (20:0, 15:5, 10:10, 5:15, and 1:19) and mortality determined daily for up to 68 days. Lethal time and percent mortality data suggest efficient transfer at all D:R ratios for all CSIs tested, except diflubenzuron at 1:19. Despite the data indicating transfer of lufenuron in bioassay, this material may not be effective in field use based on behavioral observations that include limited movement by donors. We also report frequency of visible evidence of CSI intoxication, including the previously described “jackknife” pose and an additional physical deformity, we term “curled-body”. The implications these data and observations have for laboratory evaluation and field population management using commercial termite baiting systems is discussed.