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Ancient grains and pseudocereals: Chemical compositions, nutritional benefits, and roles in 21st century diets

E. Mathew, M. Singh
Cereal Foods World 2016 v.61 no.5 pp. 198-203
Eragrostis tef, amaranth grain, cardiovascular diseases, celiac disease, chemical composition, diet, gluten-free foods, grain sorghum, human nutrition, literature, neoplasms, nutritive value, phytopharmaceuticals, quinoa grain, risk reduction, starch, whole grain foods
In recent history, refined grains have replaced whole grains in the human diet. However, refined grains have fewer phytochemicals and more starches than whole grain. In addition, studies have shown that inclusion of whole grains in a daily diet results in decreased risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Therefore, there is now a rising demand for ancient whole grains and pseudocereals as more becomes known about their nutritional benefits, such as the reduced risk of celiac disease after their integration into gluten-free food. In order for the benefits of these grains to be utilized, the chemical makeup, health benefits, and modern diet roles of ancient grains, sorghum and teff, and pseudocereals, amaranth and quinoa, are detailed in this literature review.