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A Synthetic Hybrid Promoter for Xylose-Regulated Control of Gene Expression in Saccharomyces Yeasts

Author:
Ronald E. Hector, Jeffrey A. Mertens
Source:
Molecular biotechnology 2017 v.59 no.1 pp. 24-33
ISSN:
1073-6085
Subject:
Caulobacter crescentus, Eremothecium gossypii, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, carbon, gene expression, genetically modified organisms, metabolism, promoter regions, strains, transcription (genetics), xylose, yeasts
Abstract:
Metabolism of non-glucose carbon sources is often highly regulated at the transcriptional and post-translational levels. This level of regulation is lacking in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains engineered to metabolize xylose. To better control transcription in S. cerevisiae, the xylose-dependent, DNA-binding repressor (XylR) from Caulobacter crescentus was used to block transcription from synthetic promoters based on the constitutive Ashbya gossypii TEF promoter. The new hybrid promoters were repressed in the absence of xylose and showed up to a 25-fold increase in the presence of xylose. Activation of the promoter was highly sensitive to xylose with activity seen at concentrations below 2 μM xylose. These new xylose-inducible promoters allow improved control of gene expression for engineered strains of Saccharomyces yeasts.
Agid:
5695424
Handle:
10113/5695424