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Content of selected elements and low-molecular-weight organic acids in fruiting bodies of edible mushroom Boletus badius (Fr.) Fr. from unpolluted and polluted areas

Mleczek, Mirosław, Magdziak, Zuzanna, Gąsecka, Monika, Niedzielski, Przemysław, Kalač, Pavel, Siwulski, Marek, Rzymski, Piotr, Zalicka, Sylwia, Sobieralski, Krzysztof
Environmental science and pollution research international 2016 v.23 no.20 pp. 20609-20618
Boletus, citric acid, fruiting bodies, fumaric acid, lactic acid, mine tailings, mushrooms, sandy soils, Poland
The aim of the study was to (i) investigate the potential of edible mushroom Boletus badius (Fr.) Fr. to accumulate 53 elements from unpolluted acidic sandy soil and polluted alkaline flotation tailing sites in Poland, (ii) to estimate the low-molecular-weight organic acid (LMWOA) profile and contents in fruit bodies, and finally (iii) to explore the possible relationship between elements and LMWOA content in mushrooms. The content of most elements in fruiting bodies collected from the flotation tailings was significantly higher than in mushrooms from the unpolluted soils. The occurrence of elements determined in fruiting bodies of B. badius has been varied (from 0.01 mg kg⁻¹ for Eu, Lu, and Te up to 18,932 mg kg⁻¹ for K). The results established the high importance of element contents in substrate. Among ten organic acids, nine have been found in wide range: from below 0.01 mg kg⁻¹ for fumaric acid to 14.8 mg g⁻¹ for lactic acid. Lactic and succinic acids were dominant in both areas, and citric acid was also in high content in polluted area. The correlation between element contents and the individual and total content of LMWOAs was confirmed.