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Transgenic glyphosate-resistant oilseed rape (Brassica napus) as an invasive weed in Argentina: detection, characterization, and control alternatives

Pandolfo, Claudio E, Presotto, Alejandro, Carbonell, Francisco Torres, Ureta, Soledad, Poverene, Mónica, Cantamutto, Miguel
Environmental science and pollution research international 2016 v.23 no.23 pp. 24081-24091
2,4-D, Brassica napus, chlorimuron, crops, cultivars, diclosulam, farmers, fluroxypyr, genetically modified organisms, glufosinate, glyphosate, herbicide resistance, imazethapyr, imports, invasive species, monitoring, saflufenacil, soybeans, Argentina
The presence of glyphosate-resistant oilseed rape populations in Argentina was detected and characterized. The resistant plants were found as weeds in RR soybeans and other fields. The immunological and molecular analysis showed that the accessions presented the GT73 transgenic event. The origin of this event was uncertain, as the cultivation of transgenic oilseed rape cultivars is prohibited in Argentina. This finding might suggest that glyphosate resistance could come from unauthorized transgenic oilseed rape crops cultivated in the country or as seed contaminants in imported oilseed rape cultivars or other seed imports. Experimentation showed that there are alternative herbicides for controlling resistant Brassica napus populations in various situations and crops. AHAS-inhibiting herbicides (imazethapyr, chlorimuron and diclosulam), glufosinate, 2,4-D, fluroxypyr and saflufenacil proved to be very effective in controlling these plants. Herbicides evaluated in this research were employed by farmers in one of the fields invaded with this biotype and monitoring of this field showed no evidence of its presence in the following years.