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Wastewater sludges pretreated by different oxidation systems at mild conditions to promote the biogas formation in anaerobic processes

Segura, Y., Puyol, D., Ballesteros, L., Martínez, F., Melero, J.A.
Environmental science and pollution research international 2016 v.23 no.23 pp. 24393-24401
anaerobic digestion, biodegradability, biogas, chemical oxygen demand, hydroxyl radicals, iron, methane, methane production, organic matter, oxidation, sludge, solubilization, ultrasonics, wastewater
The effect of different oxidation processes at mild conditions including the coupled-Fenton (sono-Fenton, photo-Fenton, and sono-photo-Fenton) and their blank systems (ultrasound, ultraviolet, zero valent iron, and Fenton) on anaerobic digestion of the sludge for biogas production was investigated. Ultrasounds led to the highest organic matter solubilization (3.8 up to 5.2 g chemical oxygen demand (COD)/L, for the raw and treated sludge, respectively), while for the rest, organic matter transformation was observed resulting in an almost soluble COD net balance. Results indicated that for the most oxidative processes, the released organic matter was probably mineralized by the hydroxyl radicals produced during the treatments. It is interesting to remark that even if the biochemical methane potential was barely enhanced by the different methods applied, all the methods demonstrated to enhance the overall kinetics of the biomethanation processes, increasing the rapidly biodegradable fraction of the sludge.