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Advanced oxidative processes and membrane separation for micropollutant removal from biotreated domestic wastewater

Silva, Larissa L. S., Sales, Julio C. S., Campos, Juacyara C., Bila, Daniele M., Fonseca, Fabiana V.
Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.7 pp. 6329-6338
estradiol, estriol, experimental design, hydrogen peroxide, municipal wastewater, organic compounds, oxidation, pollutants, reverse osmosis, sewage, synthetic hormones
The presence of micropollutants in sewage is already widely known, as well as the effects caused by natural and synthetic hormones. Thus, it is necessary to apply treatments to remove them from water systems, such as advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) and membrane separation processes, which can oxidize and remove high concentrations of organic compounds. This work investigated the removal of 17β-estradiol (E2), 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), and estriol (E3) from biotreated sewage. Reverse osmosis processes were conducted at three recoveries (50, 60, and 70 %). For E2 and EE2, the removals were affected by the recovery. The best results for RO were as follows: the E2 compound removal was 89 % for 60 % recovery and the EE2 compound removal was 57 % for 50 % recovery. The RO recovery did not impact the E3 removal. It was concluded that the interaction between the evaluated estrogens, and the membrane was the major factor for the hormone separation. The AOP treatment using H₂O₂/UV was carried out in two sampling campaigns. First, we evaluated the variation of UV doses (24.48, 73.44, 122.4, and 244.8 kJ m⁻²) with 18.8 mg L⁻¹ of H₂O₂ in the reaction. EE2 showed considerable removals (around 70 %). In order to optimize the results, an experimental design was applied. The best result was obtained with higher UV dose (122.4 kJ m⁻²) and lower H₂O₂ concentration (4 mg L⁻¹), achieving removal of 91 % for E3 and 100 % for E2 and EE2.