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Association mapping utilizing diverse barley lines reveals net form net blotch seedling resistance/susceptibility loci

Jonathan K. Richards, Timothy L. Friesen, Robert S. Brueggeman
Theoretical and applied genetics 2017 v.130 no.5 pp. 915-927
Pyrenophora teres, barley, breeding programs, chromosome mapping, disease resistance, fungi, genetic markers, genome-wide association study, genotype, genotyping, linkage disequilibrium, loci, net blotch, pathogens, quantitative trait loci, regression analysis, seedlings, single nucleotide polymorphism, United States
Pyrenophora teres f. teres is a necrotrophic fungal pathogen and the causal agent of the economically important foliar disease net form net blotch (NFNB) of barley. The deployment of effective and durable resistance against P. teres f. teres has been hindered by the complexity of quantitative resistance and susceptibility. Several bi-parental mapping populations have been used to identify QTL associated with NFNB disease on all seven barley chromosomes. Here, we report the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) to detect marker-trait associations for resistance or susceptibility to P. teres f. teres. Geographically diverse barley genotypes from a world barley core collection (957) were genotyped with the Illumina barley iSelect chip and phenotyped with three P. teres f. teres isolates collected in two geographical regions of the USA (15A, 6A and LDNH04Ptt19). The best of nine regression models tested were identified for each isolate and used for association analysis resulting in the identification of 78 significant marker-trait associations (MTA; −log10p value >3.0). The MTA identified corresponded to 16 unique genomic loci as determined by analysis of local linkage disequilibrium between markers that did not meet a correlation threshold of R2 ≥ 0.1, indicating that the markers represented distinct loci. Five loci identified represent novel QTL and were designated QRptts-3HL, QRptts-4HS, QRptts-5HL.1, QRptts-5HL.2, and QRptts-7HL.1. In addition, 55 of the barley lines examined exhibited a high level of resistance to all three isolates and the SNP markers identified will provide useful genetic resources for barley breeding programs.