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Pyracantha ‘Mohave’ Fruit Infection by Phytophthora ramorum and Transmission of the Pathogen from Infected Fruit to Roots of Viburnum tinus

Tooley, Paul W., Browning, Marsha, Shishkoff, Nina
Plant disease 2016 v.100 no.3 pp. 555-560
Cornus florida, pathogens, epidemiology, Laurus nobilis, Malus hupehensis, Phytophthora ramorum, Pyracantha, Viburnum tinus, chlamydospores, disease transmission, fruits, greenhouses, plant pathogenic fungi, root diseases, roots, runoff, sporangia, trays
Colonization of the fleshy fruit of Cornus florida, C. kousa, Laurus nobilis, Malus hupehensis, and Pyracantha ‘Mohave’ was observed following inoculation with sporangia of Phytophthora ramorum. However, abundant production of chlamydospores was only observed in the fruit of Pyracantha ‘Mohave’. Pyracantha ‘Mohave’ fruit that had been inoculated with a P. ramorum sporangia suspension were placed in pots containing rooted cuttings of Viburnum tinus in a misting tent or in water-filled trays in a climate-controlled greenhouse. Runoff was collected for 24 to 30 days, and roots were plated after the final collection. Mean percent recovery from infected roots was not significantly different (P = 0.05, Tukey’s test) between bottom-watered treatments in trays and misted treatments, averaging 58% for bottom-watered and 54% for mist treatments. The number of CFU collected in runoff from bottom-watered plants was consistently lower than that obtained from plants held under mist, likely due to desiccation of the fruit. The results show that root infection of V. tinus can occur by P. ramorum via infected fruit of Pyracantha ‘Mohave’. This phenomenon represents a pathway of infection for P. ramorum not previously reported, which may play a role in disease epidemiology.