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Dacarbazine-Loaded Hollow Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Grafted with Folic Acid for Enhancing Antimetastatic Melanoma Response

Liu, Qianqian, Xu, Nan, Liu, Liping, Li, Jun, Zhang, Yamin, Shen, Chen, Shezad, Khurram, Zhang, Lianbin, Zhu, Jintao, Tao, Juan
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017 v.9 no.26 pp. 21673-21687
cytotoxicity, drug therapy, drugs, encapsulation, folic acid, macrophages, melanoma, metastasis, nanocarriers, nanomedicine, nanoparticles, photosensitivity, porous media, silica, solubility
Dacarbazine (DTIC) is one of the most important chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of melanoma; however, its poor solubility, photosensitivity, instability, and serious toxicity to normal cells limit its clinical applications. In this article, we present a rationally designed nanocarrier based on hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs) for the encapsulation and targeted release of DTIC for eradicating melanoma. The nanocarrier (DTIC@HMLBFs) is prepared by modifying HMSNs with carboxyl groups to enhance the loading of DTIC, followed by further enveloping of folic acid-grafted liposomes, which act as a melanoma active target for controlled and targeted drug release. In vitro, DTIC@HMLBFs exhibited the strongest cytotoxicity to melanoma cells compared with DTIC@HMSNs and free DTIC. The in vivo investigations demonstrate that the rationally designed nanocarrier loaded with DTIC achieves significant improvement against lung metastasis of melanoma via targeting melanoma cells and tumor-associated macrophages. This study provides a promising platform for the design and fabrication of multifunctional nanomedicines, which are potentially useful for the treatment of melanoma.