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Variation of Free Asparagine Concentration and Association with Quality Parameters for Hard Red Spring Wheat Grown in North Dakota
- Ohm, Jae-Bom, Mergoum, Mohamed, Simsek, Senay
- Cereal chemistry 2017 v.94 no.4 pp. 712-716
- acrylamides, analysis of variance, asparagine, genotype, genotype-environment interaction, hard red spring wheat, human health, models, risk, spring, North Dakota
- Free asparagine in wheat is known to be a precursor for the formation of acrylamide, which is unacceptable to consumers owing to its potential risks to human health. This research was performed to determine variation of free asparagine concentration (FAC) in hard red spring (HRS) wheat grown in North Dakota. Quality traits and FAC were analyzed for 75 HRS wheat genotypes grown at three locations. The ANOVA indicated that growing location had a strong effect on FAC. The main effect of genotype and interaction of genotype × location were also highly significant (P < 0.001). The genotype × location interaction was also explored graphically using a biplot of principal components calculated from the genotype and genotype × environment interaction model. The biplot analysis revealed that the pattern of interaction of genotype × location might be a noncrossover type. Certain HRS genotypes were identified to have consistently low FAC across growing locations. The FAC showed low genotypic correlations with quality traits, indicating low level of linkage between FAC and quality traits for HRS wheat genotypes.