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Management of plastic wastes at Brazilian ports and diagnosis of their generation

Neffa Gobbi, Clarice, Lourenço Sanches, Vânia Maria, Acordi Vasques Pacheco, Elen Beatriz, de Oliveira Cavalcanti Guimarães, Maria José, Vasconcelos de Freitas, Marcos Aurélio
Marine pollution bulletin 2017 v.124 no.1 pp. 67-73
databases, plastics, recycling, wastes, world markets, Brazil
This study evaluated the management of plastic wastes at 20 Brazilian maritime ports, from three sources: vessels, leased and non-leased areas. The data were obtained from documents on port wastes organized in a relational database with defined protocols (closed form). Analysis of the spreadsheets prepared and field visits revealed that the main bottleneck in managing plastic wastes at ports is their segregation. In general, more material is segregated and sent for recycling from leased areas than non-leased ones (administered by the government). This relatively better performance in managing the wastes generated in leased areas is probably due to the need for private operators to comply with the international standards such as the Code of Environmental Practice to satisfy the international market.