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Nitrogen-functionalization biochars derived from wheat straws via molten salt synthesis: An efficient adsorbent for atrazine removal

Yang, Fan, Sun, Lili, Xie, Weiling, Jiang, Qun, Gao, Yan, Zhang, Wei, Zhang, Ying
The Science of the total environment 2017 v.607-608 pp. 1391-1399
adsorbents, adsorption, atrazine, biochar, biomass, carbon, micropores, models, salts, sorption isotherms, surface area, temperature, wastes, wheat straw
N-doped porous carbon sheets (NPCS) resulted from wheat straws are fabricated through using molten salts via the carbonization-functionalization progress, which show unique hierarchical structure, large pore volume and high surface area with affluent micropores. Results indicate that there exist many hierarchical pores consisting of the single carbon sheet with ultrathin nature, owing to the template role of molten salt mixtures at high temperature. Such superior structure can bring about desired performance of adsorption capacity of 82.8mg/g and quick adsorption rate of 1.43L/(gh) with an initial concentration of 35mg/L at 25°C. Langmuir and Freundlich models are adopted to interpret the adsorption behavior of atrazine and modified Freundlich and intraparticle diffusion (IPD) models are employed to characterize the dynamics of adsorption. Furthermore, nitrogen-functionalization biochars via molten salt synthesis should be further developed as a one-pot methodology to produce N-doped carbons, opening up a feasible approach for resource utilization of crop straws and other biomass wastes.