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A semi-continuous process based on an ePBR for the production of EPS using Trichocoleus sociatus

Strieth, Dorina, Schwing, Julia, Kuhne, Stephan, Lakatos, Michael, Muffler, Kai, Ulber, Roland
Journal of biotechnology 2017
Cyanobacteria, Escherichia coli, Gram-negative bacteria, antibacterial properties, biodiversity, biofilm, biomass production, cell viability, culture flasks, drought, habitats, photobioreactors, solvents
Biodiversity forms the basis for a large pool of potential products and productive organisms offered by terrestrial cyanobacteria. They are stuck together by EPS (extracellular polymeric substances) that can obtain antiviral, antibacterial or anti-inflammatory substances. Most stress conditions, e.g. drought, induce the production of protective EPS or biotechnological-products for pharmaceutical application. However, the growth of a phototrophic biofilm is limited under submerged conditions. Therefore, a semi-continuous process to produce EPS by cyanobacteria was developed in an aerosol-based ePBR (emerse photobioreactor) that imitates the natural habitat of terrestrial cyanobacteria.The process consists of a growth-phase (biomass production), followed by a dry-phase (EPS-production) and a consecutive extraction. The EPS-productivities of Trichocoleus sociatus (ranging from 0.03 to 0.04gL−1d−1) were 32 times higher than described in topic-related literature. In comparison to submerge cultivations in shaking flasks, the EPS-productivities were sevenfold higher. To ensure that the extraction solvent has no influence on cell viability, a cell-vitality-test was performed. However, no statistically significant difference between the amount of living and dead cells before and after the extraction was detected. A bioactivity assay was then performed to identify antimicrobial activity within EPS extracts from emerse and submerge cultivations. The EPS revealed an antibacterial effect against gram-negative bacteria (E. coli) which was two times higher than EPS from a submerged cultivation.