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Highly efficient combustion with low excess air in a modern energy-from-waste (EfW) plant
- Strobel, Reto, Waldner, Maurice H., Gablinger, Helen
- Waste management 2017
- air, carbon monoxide, combustion, emissions, nitrogen oxides, oxygen, temperature, waste management
- The effect of low excess air and high adiabatic combustion temperatures on CO and NOx formation has been investigated on a commercially operated energy-from-waste plant. With optimal combination of low O2 levels and stable combustion control, uncontrolled NOx levels could be lowered to 100 to 150 mg/Nm3 (dry, at 11% O2) while keeping CO emissions at low levels. Even at adiabatic temperatures above 1400 °C thermal NOx hardly contributes to the total NOx emissions in a grate-fired EfW plant. An advanced combustion control system allowed continuous operation with very little excess air (λ < 1.2) while keeping CO and NOx at levels well below the legal emission limits.