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Early Jurassic carbon and oxygen isotope records and seawater temperature variations: Insights from marine carbonate and belemnite rostra (Pieniny Klippen Belt, Carpathians)

Arabas, Agnieszka, Schlögl, Jan, Meister, Christian
Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology 2017 v.485 pp. 119-135
basins, carbon, oxygen, seawater, stable isotopes, temperature
New carbon and oxygen isotope records and discussion of the main variations in seawater temperature through the Sinemurian–Aalenian of the Pieniny Klippen Basin (northern Tethys Ocean) are presented herein. Comparison of the recorded changes in stable-isotope compositions of bulk carbonate and belemnite rostra from an open-marine environment with previously documented, predominantly restricted epicontinental data enables determination of major climatic events that were most likely of worldwide extent. A slight positive δ¹³C shift is recorded in the lowermost Upper Pliensbachian. A significant positive excursion in carbonate carbon isotope values is documented in the Lower Toarcian Serpentinum Zone. Furthermore, the δ¹³C values display a falling trend in the Lower–Upper Toarcian and relatively constant values in the Aalenian. Temperatures inferred from the δ¹⁸O values of well-preserved belemnite rostra suggest rather cool seawater conditions (10–13 °C) in the Pieniny Klippen Basin during the Late Sinemurian, warming by 4 °C in the Early Pliensbachian and then cooling by 8 °C in the Late Pliensbachian. The seawater temperature rose once more in the Early Toarcian and began to fall again during the Middle Toarcian. In the Middle–?Late Aalenian, seawater temperatures oscillated between 10 and 13 °C.