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Development of a novel and highly efficient method of isolating bacteriophages from water

Liu, Weili, Li, Chao, Qiu, Zhi-Gang, Jin, Min, Wang, Jing-Feng, Yang, Dong, Xiao, Zhong-Hai, Yuan, Zhao-Kang, Li, Jun-Wen, Xu, Qun-Ying, Shen, Zhi-Qiang
Journal of microbiological methods 2017 v.139 pp. 143-149
bacteria, bacteriophages, drug resistance, pH, silica gel, temperature, water quality, watersheds, China
Bacteriophages are widely used to the treatment of drug-resistant bacteria and the improvement of food safety through bacterial lysis. However, the limited investigations on bacteriophage restrict their further application. In this study, a novel and highly efficient method was developed for isolating bacteriophage from water based on the electropositive silica gel particles (ESPs) method. To optimize the ESPs method, we evaluated the eluent type, flow rate, pH, temperature, and inoculation concentration of bacteriophage using bacteriophage f2. The quantitative detection reported that the recovery of the ESPs method reached over 90%. The qualitative detection demonstrated that the ESPs method effectively isolated 70% of extremely low-concentration bacteriophage (100 PFU/100L). Based on the host bacteria composed of 33 standard strains and 10 isolated strains, the bacteriophages in 18 water samples collected from the three sites in the Tianjin Haihe River Basin were isolated by the ESPs and traditional methods. Results showed that the ESPs method was significantly superior to the traditional method. The ESPs method isolated 32 strains of bacteriophage, whereas the traditional method isolated 15 strains. The sample isolation efficiency and bacteriophage isolation efficiency of the ESPs method were 3.28 and 2.13 times higher than those of the traditional method. The developed ESPs method was characterized by high isolation efficiency, efficient handling of large water sample size and low requirement on water quality.