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Langmuir monolayers and Langmuir-Blodgett films of pH-sensitive lipid A Physicochemical and engineering aspects

Khomutov, Gennady B., Kim, Vitaly P., Potapenkov, Kirill V., Parshintsev, Alexander A., Soldatov, Eugene S., Usmanov, Nazym N., Saletsky, Alexander M., Sybachin, Andrey V., Yaroslavov, Alexander A., Migulin, Vasiliy A., Taranov, Igor V., Cherepenin, Vladimir A., Gulyaev, Yury V.
Colloids and surfaces 2017 v.532 pp. 150-154
acidification, acidity, chemical elements, drugs, lipids, metabolism, mica, neoplasm cells, neoplasms, pH
Colloidal membranous vesicles based on the functionalized liposomes are promising for development of novel efficient systems of controlled and stimuli-triggered drug delivery. In particular, the specific metabolism of cancer cells results in significant acidification in tumors, and thus the corresponding pH value changes can be used as a stimulus for drug release specifically in the tumor areas. pH-sensitive liposomes can be formed via incorporation of special pH-sensitive amphiphilic compounds into the liposomal membrane. Molecules of such compounds undergo a conformational transition caused by certain changes in the pH value of aqueous environment and resulting in corresponding membrane perturbations with rapid leakage of drug content from those liposomes into the areas with corresponding acidity. In the present work the pH-induced changes of Langmuir monolayer compression isotherm and of the structure of corresponding Langmuir-Blodgett films of pH-sensitive synthetic lipid trans-4,5,didodecyloxycarbonyl-trans-2-morpholinocyclohexanol have been observed and studied. The substantial expansion of Langmuir monolayer of that lipid caused by change of the aqueous subphase pH value from 7 to 5 was observed. Corresponding monolayer Langmuir-Blodgett films were deposited on mica substrate surface and studied using AFM technique. The substantial differences in the structure of Langmuir-Blodgett films deposited at pH values 7 and 5 were found. The observed effects directly demonstrate the pH-induced structural transformations in organized condensed planar molecular systems formed by pH-sensitive lipid molecules which underlie the pH-sensitivity of corresponding liposomal bilayer membranes containing such lipids.