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Molecular characterization of CO2 sequestration and assimilation in microalgae and its biotechnological applications

Zhu, Baojun, Chen, Gu, Cao, Xupeng, Wei, Dong
Bioresource technology 2017 v.244 pp. 1207-1215
Coccomyxa, Cyanobacteria, biofuels, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide fixation, carbon sequestration, feedstocks, fuel production, genes, greenhouse gases, microalgae, tricarboxylic acid cycle, value added
Microalgae are renewable feedstock for sustainable biofuel production, cell factory for valuable chemicals and promising in alleviation of greenhouse gas CO2. However, the carbon assimilation capacity is still the bottleneck for higher productivity. Molecular characterization of CO2 sequestration and assimilation in microalgae has advanced in the past few years and are reviewed here. In some cyanobacteria, genes for 2-oxoglytarate dehydrogenase was replaced by four alternative mechanisms to fulfill TCA cycle. In green algae Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C-169, alternative carbon assimilation pathway was upregulated under high CO2 conditions. These advances thus provide new insights and new targets for accelerating CO2 sequestration rate and enhancing bioproduct synthesis in microalgae. When integrated with conventional parameter optimization, molecular approach for microalgae modification targeting at different levels is promising in generating value-added chemicals from green algae and cyanobacteria efficiently in the near future.