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Effect of electro-activated aqueous solutions, nisin and moderate heat treatment on the inactivation of Clostridium sporogenes PA 3679 spores in green beans puree and whole green beans

El Jaam, Omar, Fliss, Ismail, Aïder, Mohammed
Anaerobe 2017 v.47 pp. 173-182
Clostridium sporogenes, acetates, aqueous solutions, citrates, exposure duration, green beans, heat treatment, nisin, pH, potassium, redox potential, spores, synergism, temperature, transmission electron microscopy
In this work, the synergistic effect of electro-activated solutions (EAS) of potassium acetate and potassium citrate, nisin and moderate heat treatment to inactivate C. sporogenes PA 3679 spores was evaluated in green beans puree and whole green beans. Electro-activated solutions (EAS) of potassium acetate and potassium citrate were generated under 400 mA during 60 min. They were characterized by an oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) and pH values ranged from +300 to +1090 mV and 2.8 to 3.67, respectively. Moreover, the EAS were combined with a bacteriocin nisin at concentrations of 250, 500, 750 and 1000 IU/mL and the targeted sporicidal effect was evaluated under moderate heat treatment. The inoculated mixtures were subjected to temperatures of 95, 105 and 115 °C for exposure times of 5, 15 and 30 min. After plate counting, the synergistic effect of the hurdle principle composed of electro-activated solutions, nisin and moderate temperatures was demonstrated. The obtained results showed that the synergistic effect of the used hurdle was able to achieve an inactivation efficacy of 5.9–6.1 log CFU/mL. Furthermore, experiments carried out with whole green beans showed that spore inactivation level was significantly higher and reach 6.5 log CFU/mL. Moreover, spore morphology was examined by transmission electron microscopy and the obtained micrographs showed important damages in all of the treated spores.