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Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based multiplex enzyme assay for six enzymes associated with hereditary hemolytic anemia

Park, Chul Min, Lee, Kyunghoon, Jun, Sun-Hee, Song, Sang Hoon, Song, Junghan
Journal of chromatography 2017 v.1060 pp. 76-83
adenosine deaminase, NADP-glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, hexokinase, pyruvate kinase, erythrocytes, hemolytic anemia, tandem mass spectrometry, patients, enzyme activity, liquid chromatography, triose-phosphate isomerase
Deficiencies in erythrocyte metabolic enzymes are associated with hereditary hemolytic anemia. Here, we report the development of a novel multiplex enzyme assay for six major enzymes, namely glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, pyruvate kinase, pyrimidine 5′-nucleotidase, hexokinase, triosephosphate isomerase, and adenosine deaminase, deficiencies in which are implicated in erythrocyte enzymopathies. To overcome the drawbacks of traditional spectrophotometric enzyme assays, the present assay was based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS). The products of the six enzymes were directly measured by using ion pairing UPLC–MS/MS, and the precision, linearity, ion suppression, optimal sample amounts, and incubation times were evaluated. Eighty-three normal individuals and 13 patients with suspected enzymopathy were analyzed. The UPLC running time was within 5min. No ion suppression was observed at the retention time for the products or internal standards. We selected an optimal dilution factor and incubation time for each enzyme system. The intra- and inter-assay imprecision values (CVs) were 2.5–12.1% and 2.9–14.3%, respectively. The linearity of each system was good, with R² values >0.97. Patient samples showed consistently lower enzyme activities than those from normal individuals. The present ion paring UPLC–MS/MS assay enables facile and reproducible multiplex evaluation of the activity of enzymes implicated in enzymopathy-associated hemolytic anemia.