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Hydrophilic compartments of Capsosiphon fulvescens protein alleviate impaired spatial memory by regulating BDNF-mediated ER stress against chronic ethanol exposure

Kim, Eun-Young, Nam, Taek-Jeong, Oh, Jeong Hwan
Journal of functional foods 2017 v.35 pp. 474-480
Capsosiphon, calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, cognition, endoplasmic reticulum, ethanol, hippocampus, hydrophilicity, memory, oral administration, oxidative stress, phosphorylation, protein kinase C, proteins, rats, stress response
Seaweed-derived antioxidative proteins can protect brain against ethanol-induced oxidative stress. This study was to investigate whether Capsosiphon fulvescens crude proteins (Cf-CP) alleviates the impairment in spatial memory by regulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress against chronic ethanol exposure. Oral administration of Cf-CP for 14 consecutive days increased mature BDNF (mBDNF) levels and phosphorylation of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II in rat dorsal hippocampus. The latency to platform was decreased and an increase in mBDNF was maintained until the withdrawal at 35days in Cf-CP treatment. In rats treated with ethanol for four weeks, the ethanol-induced impairment in spatial memory was reduced by co-administration of Cf-CP. This treatment prevented the decrease in mBDNF and the increase in both of ER stress response protein, glucose-regulated protein 78, and protein kinase C delta phosphorylation. These findings suggest that Cf-CP administration improve cognitive functions by regulating BDNF-mediated ER stress response in the dorsal hippocampus.