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Allometry data and equations for coastal marsh plants

Author:
Lu, Meng, Caplan, Joshua S., Bakker, Jonathan D., Adam Langley, J., Mozdzer, Thomas J., Drake, Bert G., Patrick Megonigal, J.
Source:
Ecology 2016 v.97 no.12 pp. 3554
ISSN:
0012-9658
Subject:
Amaranthus, Atriplex patula, Iva frutescens, Persicaria hydropiper, Phragmites australis, Schoenoplectus americanus, Solidago, Spartina alterniflora, Spartina cynosuroides, Typha angustifolia, allometry, birds, carbon, carbon dioxide, climate, coasts, data collection, ecological function, ecosystem services, energy flow, equations, fish, global change, habitats, long term experiments, marshes, nutrients, phytomass, plants (botany), pollutants, rivers, sea level, shellfish, statistical models, storms, surface water, Chesapeake Bay
Abstract:
Coastal marshes are highly valued for ecosystem services such as protecting inland habitats from storms, sequestering carbon, removing nutrients and other pollutants from surface water, and providing habitat for fish, shellfish, and birds. Because plants largely determine the structure and function of coastal marshes, quantifying plant biomass is essential for evaluating these ecosystem services, understanding the biogeochemical processes that regulate ecosystem function, and forecasting tidal wetland responses to accelerated sea level rise. Allometry is a convenient and efficient technique for nondestructive estimation of plant biomass, and it is commonly used in studies of carbon and nitrogen cycles, energy flows, and marsh surface elevation change. We present plant allometry data and models developed for three long‐term experiments at the Smithsonian Global Change Research Wetland, a brackish marsh in the Rhode River subestuary of the Chesapeake Bay. The dataset contains 9,771 measurements of stem height, dry mass, and (in 9638 cases) stem width across 11 plant species. The vast majority of observations are for Schoenoplectus americanus (8430) and Phragmites australis (311), with fewer observations for other common species: Amaranthus cannabinus, Atriplex patula, Iva frutescens, Kosteletzkya virginica, Polygonum hydropiper, Solidago sempervirens, Spartina alterniflora, Spartina cynosuroides, and Typha angustifolia. Allometric relationships take the form of linear regressions of biomass (transformed using the Box‐Cox procedure) on either stem height and width, or on stem height alone. Allometric relationships for Schoenoplectus americanus were not meaningfully altered by elevated CO₂, N enrichment, the community context, interannual variation in climate, or year, showing that a single equation can be used across a broad range of conditions for this species. Archived files include: (1) raw data used to derive allometric equations for each species, (2) reports and evaluations of the allometric equations we derived from the data, and (3) R code with which our derivations can be replicated. Methodological details of our experiments, data collection efforts, and statistical modeling are described in the metadata. The allometric equations can be used for biomass estimation in empirical and modeling studies of North American coastal wetlands, and the data can be used in ecological studies of terrestrial plant allometry.
Agid:
5712379