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Thrips counts and disease incidence in response to reflective particle films and conservation tillage in cotton and peanut cropping systems

Author:
Knight, Ian A., Rains, Glen C., Culbreath, Albert K., Toews, Michael D.
Source:
Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 2017 v.162 no.1 pp. 19-29
ISSN:
0013-8703
Subject:
Frankliniella fusca, Tomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus, adults, application rate, biomass, calcium carbonate, cotton, cover crops, crop yield, cropping systems, disease incidence, kaolin, particle films, peanuts, plant damage, plant growth, planting, rye, seedlings, strip tillage, winter
Abstract:
Feeding damage to seedling cotton and peanut inflicted by adult and immature thrips may result in stunted growth and delayed maturity. Furthermore, adult thrips can transmit Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) to seedling peanut, which reduces plant growth and yield. The objective of this research was to assess the efficacy of inert particle films, calcium carbonate or kaolin, in combination with conservation tillage, to reduce adult and immature thrips counts in cotton and peanut crops. Planting cotton or peanut into strip tillage utilizing a rolled rye winter cover crop significantly reduced immature thrips counts. Furthermore, plant damage ratings in cotton as well as TSWV incidence in peanut significantly decreased under conservation tillage. Aboveground cotton biomass and plant stand in cotton and peanut were unaffected by calcium carbonate or kaolin particle film applications. Within each week, immature thrips counts were unaffected by particle films, regardless of application rate. In cotton plots treated with kaolin, total Frankliniella fusca (Hinds) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) counts summed across weeks were significantly greater compared to the untreated control. For adult F. fusca counts at 3 weeks after planting, an interaction between tillage and particle film treatments was observed with fewer adult thrips in particle film and strip tillage treated peanut. Similarly, reduced TSWV incidence was observed in particle film‐treated peanut grown using conservation tillage. Neither cotton nor peanut yields were affected by particle film treatments.
Agid:
5712611