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Transferable Antibiotic Resistances in Marketed Edible Grasshoppers (Locusta migratoria migratorioides)

Osimani, Andrea, Garofalo, Cristiana, Aquilanti, Lucia, Milanović, Vesna, Cardinali, Federica, Taccari, Manuela, Pasquini, Marina, Tavoletti, Stefano, Clementi, Francesca
Journal of food science 2017 v.82 no.5 pp. 1184-1192
Locusta migratoria migratorioides, antibiotic resistance, cluster analysis, commercialization, genes, genetic resistance, grasshoppers, humans, proteins
Grasshoppers are the most commonly eaten insects by humans worldwide, as they are rich in proteins and micronutrients. This study aimed to assess the occurrence of transferable antibiotic resistance genes in commercialized edible grasshoppers. To this end, the prevalence of 12 selected genes [aac(6’)‐Ie aph(2″)‐Ia, blaZ, erm(A), erm(B), erm(C), mecA, tet(M), tet(O), tet(S), tet(K), vanA, vanB] coding for resistance to antibiotics conventionally used in clinical practice was determined. The majority of samples were positive for tet(M) (70.0%), tet(K) (83.3%) and blaZ (83.3%). A low percentage of samples were positive for erm(B) (16.7%), erm(C) (26.7%), and aac(6’)‐Ie aph(2″)‐Ia (13.3%), whereas no samples were positive for erm(A), vanA, vanB, tet(O), and mecA. Cluster analysis identified 4 main clusters, allowing a separation of samples on the basis of their country of origin.