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Management of bakanae and bacterial seedling blight diseases in nurseries by irradiating rice seeds with atmospheric plasma
- Ochi, A., Konishi, H., Ando, S., Sato, K., Yokoyama, K., Tsushima, S., Yoshida, S., Morikawa, T., Kaneko, T., Takahashi, H.
- Plant pathology 2017 v.66 no.1 pp. 67-76
- Burkholderia plantarii, Fusarium fujikuroi, antimicrobial properties, blight, disease outbreaks, disease severity, electrons, fungal diseases of plants, ions, irradiation, paddies, plant pathogenic fungi, rice, seed germination, seedbeds, seedling diseases, seedling growth, seedlings, seeds
- The control of seedborne rice seedling diseases in the seed beds is important to avoid epidemics in rice nurseries and paddies, which may result in severe yield loss. Recently, irradiation with plasma containing electrons, creating positive or negative ions and neutral species, has been shown to have an antimicrobial effect, probably via generation of reactive oxygen species. This study examines whether two seedborne rice seedling diseases, bakanae disease caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium fujikuroi, and bacterial seedling blight caused by Burkholderia plantarii, are suppressed by irradiation of infected rice seeds with atmospheric plasma. Seed germination and seedling growth were not inhibited in plasma‐treated healthy seeds. When F. fujikuroi‐infected rice seeds were irradiated with plasma after being immersed in sterile distilled water, bakanae disease severity index and the percentage of plants with symptoms were reduced to 18.1% and 7.8% of non‐irradiated control, respectively, depending on the duration of plasma irradiation. The bacterial seedling blight disease index was also reduced by plasma irradiation in vacuum‐inoculated seeds to 38.6% of the non‐irradiated control, and in infected seeds harvested from spray‐inoculated heads of rice plants to 40.1% of the control. Therefore, plasma irradiation seems to be effective in controlling two independent seedborne rice seedling diseases.