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Investigating the Effects of Large‐Scale Processing on Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Activity of Pomegranate Juice

Author:
Farahmand, Maryam, Golmakani, Mohammad‐Taghi, Mesbahi, Gholamreza, Farahnaky, Asgar
Source:
Journal of food processing and preservation 2017 v.41 no.2
ISSN:
0145-8892
Subject:
2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, anthocyanins, antioxidant activity, bioactive compounds, enzymatic treatment, filtration, fluorescence recovery after photobleaching, inhibitory concentration 50, pasteurization, phytopharmaceuticals, pomegranate juice, pomegranates
Abstract:
The effects of four important stages of pomegranate juice processing, i.e., pasteurization, enzymatic treatment, filtration and thermal concentration were evaluated based on physicochemical characteristics, bioactive compounds (phenols, flavonoids and anthocyanins) and antioxidant activity (DPPH, FRAP and CUPRAC). Pasteurization had no significant effect on total phenolic content, but it significantly reduced the total flavonoid and total anthocyanin contents. Enzymatic treatment, filtration and thermal concentration significantly reduced the total phenolic and total flavonoid contents. Pasteurization and thermal concentration had no significant effect on FRAP and CUPRAC values. The IC₅₀ value increased notably during enzymatic treatment, filtration and thermal concentration. Processing the pomegranate juice and the subsequent production of pomegranate concentrate led to an overall reduction of total phenolic content, total flavonoid and total anthocyanin contents by 68, 46 and 61%, respectively. Moreover, the processing caused reductions in total antioxidant capacity by 27 and 9%, determined via the CUPRAC and FRAP methods, respectively. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Fruit juice processing (i.e., pasteurization, clarification, filtration and concentration) exposes the phytochemicals present to different detrimental factors that may lead to undesirable alterations in bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity. The possibility of change in bioactive compounds (phenols, flavonoids and anthocyanins) and antioxidant activity (DPPH, FRAP and CUPRAC) of pomegranate juice (PJ) during different stages of large‐scale processing is an issue that is dealt with in this study.
Agid:
5716213