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Unravelling the inheritance, QST and reproductive phenology attributes of the tetraploid tropical grass Brachiaria ruziziensis (Germain et Evrard)

Simeão, Rosangela M., Valle, Cacilda B., Resende, Marcos D. V.
Plant breeding 2017 v.136 no.1 pp. 101-110
Brachiaria, Urochloa ruziziensis, autotetraploidy, breeding, breeding programs, dry matter accumulation, flowering, forage grasses, genetic variance, inflorescences, inheritance (genetics), phenology, phenotype, population structure, progeny, seed yield, statistical models, yield components, Republic of the Congo
The autotetraploid forage Congo signal grass (Brachiaria ruziziensis) is an important component in the Brachiaria breeding programme. As with other tropical forage grass species, the association between flowering and seed yield components, the mode of inheritance and the effects of population structure on phenotypic breeding are lacking. Seventeen characteristics evaluated in 59 half‐sib progeny of seven subpopulations were analysed using a mixed model methodology. According to the commonality analysis, the total seed yield (0.67) and number of days to flowering (0.22) had a greater influence on the filled‐seed yield. The flowering synchrony, total number of panicles, filled‐seed yield, green matter yield and dry matter yield presented statistically significant additive genetic variance between and within the subpopulations. The QST estimates ranged from 0.09 for the flowering synchrony index to 0.31 for the filled‐seed yield. The effects of population structure and its use in breeding programmes are further discussed.