Jump to Main Content
Demographic effects of deltamethrin resistance in the Chagas disease vector Triatoma infestans
- GERMANO, M. D., PICOLLO, M. I.
- Medical and veterinary entomology 2016 v.30 no.4 pp. 416-425
- Chagas disease, Triatoma infestans, adults, chemical control, deltamethrin, disease vectors, fecundity, insects, life tables, longevity, mechanism of action, models, nymphs, population growth, progeny, reproductive performance, retrospective studies, Argentina, Latin America
- Triatoma infestans (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) Klug is the main vector of Chagas disease in Latin America. Resistance to deltamethrin was reported in Argentina and recently associated with reproductive and longevity trade‐offs. The objectives of the present study were to describe the demographic consequences of deltamethrin resistance in T. infestans and to establish possible target stages for chemical control in susceptible and resistant colonies. A stage‐classified matrix model was constructed based on the average stage length for susceptible, resistant and reciprocal matings' progeny. The differences between colonies were analysed by prospective and retrospective analysis. The life table parameters indicated reduced fecundity, fertility and population growth in resistant insects. The retrospective analysis suggested the latter was associated with lower reproductive output and increased fifth‐instar nymph stage length. The prospective analysis suggested that the adult stage should be the main target for insecticide control. Although, fifth‐instar nymphs should also be targeted when resistance has been detected. The presented results show demographic effects of deltamethrin resistance in T. infestans. While the older stages could be the main targets for chemical control, this approach is impeded by their higher tolerance to insecticides. It is concluded that the different mode of action insecticides would be more effective than a dose increase for the control of deltamethrin‐resistant T. infestans.