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Influence of phosphorylated rice flour on the quality of gluten‐free bread

Kringel, Dianini Hüttner, Filipini, Gabriel da Silva, Salas‐Mellado, Myriam de las Mercedes
International journal of food science & technology 2017 v.52 no.5 pp. 1291-1298
color, gluten-free bread, hardness, pastes, phosphorylation, retrogradation, rice, rice flour, storage temperature, wheat flour
The chemical modification of rice flour by phosphorylation is an alternative to improve the technological quality of bakery products. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of phosphorylation process of rice flour on technological properties (specific volume, crumb and crust colour) of gluten‐free breads and the hardening of these breads during two storage temperatures (21 °C and −24 °C). Breads were made with native rice flour, with phosphorylated rice flour and with wheat flour, used as control. The phosphorylation causes significant reduction in the synaeresis of pastes and in retrogradation tendency of rice flours, varying from 258.7 cP (native rice flour) to 122 cP (phosphorylated rice flour). The breads prepared with phosphorylated rice flour showed reduction in the hardness in both storage temperatures studied and effect on rice bread volume, crumb appearance and colour, demonstrating the possibility of use of the phosphorylated rice flour in gluten‐free breads.