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Tissue‐specific expression and silencing phenotypes of mitochondrial phosphate carrier paralogues in several insect species

Sugahara, R., Jouraku, A., Nakakura, T., Minaba, M., Yamamoto, T., Shinohara, Y., Miyoshi, H, Shiotsuki, T.
Insect molecular biology 2017 v.26 no.3 pp. 332-342
Bombyx mori, Drosophila melanogaster, Liriomyza, Locusta migratoria, Plautia stali, Schistocerca gregaria, Tribolium castaneum, adenosine triphosphate, alternative splicing, cytosol, eukaryotic cells, genes, insects, larval development, mammals, membrane proteins, mitochondria, nymphs, phenotype, phosphates, tissues
The mitochondrial phosphate carrier gene (PiC) encodes a membrane protein that mediates the supply of inorganic phosphate from the cytosol into the mitochondrial matrix. This substrate‐specific transport system plays an important role in efficient ATP synthesis. Mammals appear to have only one PiC with two alternative splicing variants whose functional differences remain unclear. The present study is the first to characterize the multiple genes that encode PiC in insects. Bombyx mori was found to have two PiC paralogues, one ubiquitous and one testis‐specific, the latter seeming to be present only in Lepidoptera. Drosophila melanogaster was found to harbour two PiC paralogues, whereas Liriomyza chinensis, another dipteran, has three PiC paralogues. Two PiCs were found to be present in Plautia stali, and silencing either of these genes affected the normal development of P. stali nymphs, although their expression patterns differed amongst tissues. Schistocerca gregaria and Locusta migratoria have two PiC each, with different expression patterns. Tribolium castaneum was found to have only one PiC, which appears to play an essential role in larval development. Thus, although the inorganic phosphate transport system appears to be conserved across eukaryotes, PiC has become specialized in the different tissues of different insect species.