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Citrobacter amalonaticus Y19 for constitutive expression of carbon monoxide-dependent hydrogen-production machinery
- Ainala, SatishKumar, Seol, Eunhee, Kim, JungRae, Park, Sunghoon
- Biotechnology for biofuels 2017 v.10 no.1 pp. 80
- Citrobacter amalonaticus, biocatalysts, carbon, carbon monoxide, engineering, gene dosage, gene expression, glucose, hydrogen, hydrogen production, operon, oxidation, promoter regions, screening, transcription (genetics)
- BACKGROUND: Citrobacter amalonaticus Y19 is a good biocatalyst for production of hydrogen (H₂) from oxidation of carbon monoxide (CO) via the so-called water–gas-shift reaction (WGSR). It has a high H₂-production activity (23.83 mmol H₂ g⁻¹ cell h⁻¹) from CO, and can grow well to a high density on various sugars. However, its H₂-production activity is expressed only when CO is present as an inducer and in the absence of glucose. RESULTS: In order to avoid dependency on CO and glucose, in the present study, the native CO-inducible promoters of WGSR operons (CO dehydrogenase, CODH, and CODH-dependent hydrogenase, CO-hyd) in Y19 were carefully analyzed and replaced with strong and constitutive promoters screened from Y19. One engineered strain (Y19-PR1), selected from three positive ones after screening ~10,000 colonies, showed a similar CO-dependent H₂-production activity to that of wild-type Y19, without being affected by glucose and/or CO. Compared with wild-type Y19, transcription of the CODH operon in Y19-PR1 increased 1.5-fold, although that of the CO-hyd operon remained at a similar level. To enhance the activity of CO-Hyd in Y19-PR1, further modifications, including an increase in gene copy number and engineering of the 5′ untranslated region, were attempted, but without success. CONCLUSIONS: Convenient recombinant Y19-PR1 that expresses CO-dependent H₂-production activity without being limited by CO and glucose was obtained.